Balanced diet means intake of proper nutritional food which contains all the nutrients with proper amount. When we talk about the nutrients there are two types of nutrients that are macro nutrients and micro nutrients. Macro nutrients are required in large amount and the micro nutrients are required in comparatively less amount. Marco nutrients mainly comprises of the fats, proteins, carbohydrates, and water. These nutrients basically provide the energy and helps to build structural materials like proteins are build by amino acids and the cell membrane and some signaling molecules are built by the lipids. Some provide the internal energy. This energy is measured in Joules and kilocalories. The internal energy is really important for the proper working of cells in any organism. If we start by the smallest and keep it fit it will surely reflect on the complete body. Minerals decrease the chances of foreign agents adversely affecting our body which in turn helps us to be fit even in adverse conditions.
Micronutrients comprises of the minerals, vitamins, and other nutrients. Other than carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen living organisms requires other inorganic chemical elements that are termed as dietary minerals. Minerals are of mainly two types, macro-minerals and trace-minerals. Macro-minerals are those that are required in the bulk quantity. These types of minerals include calcium, chlorine as chloride ions, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, sulfur. These minerals basically needed as electrolytes in the body. Trace-minerals are those which are required in relatively less amount. These minerals include cobalt, copper, chromium, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, selenium, vanadium, and zinc. These minerals act as catalysts in the enzymes. The organic chemicals elements that are required by the body are called vitamins. Apart from all there are some of the other nutrients required by the body. They are phytochemicals, antioxidants, intestinal bacterial flora.